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Country Information

BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA

Country Name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bosnia and Herzegovina
local long form: none
local short form: Bosna i Hercegovina
former: People’s Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Government Type

emerging federal democratic republic

Capital

Sarajevo

Administrative divisions

2 first-order administrative divisions and 1 internationally supervised district* – Brcko district (Brcko Distrikt)*, the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska; note – Brcko district is in northeastern Bosnia and is an administrative unit under the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the district remains under international supervision

Independence

1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia; referendum for independence completed 1 March 1992; independence declared 3 March 1992)