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Country Information

TAIWAN

Country Name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Taiwan
local long form: none
local short form: T’ai-wan
former: Formosa

Government Type

multiparty democracy

Capital

Taipei

Administrative divisions

ncludes main island of Taiwan plus smaller islands nearby and off coast of China’s Fujian Province; Taiwan is divided into 18 counties (hsien, singular and plural), 5 municipalities (shih, singular and plural), and 2 special municipalities (chuan-shih, singular and plural)
note: Taiwan uses a variety of romanization systems; while the Wade-Giles system still dominates, city of Taipei has adopted standard Pinyin romanization for street and place names within its boundaries; other local authorities use different romanization systems; names for administrative divisions that follow are in Wade-Giles system with Pinyin equivalents in parentheses
counties: Chang-hua (Changhua), Chia-i (Chiayi) [county], Hsin-chu (Hsinchu), Hua-lien (Hualien), I-lan (Yilan), Kao-hsiung (Kaohsiung) [county], Kin-men (Kinmen), Lien-chiang (Lienchiang, also Matsu), Miao-li (Miaoli), Nan-t’ou (Nantou), P’eng-hu (Penghu), P’ing-tung (Pingtung), T’ai-chung (Taichung), T’ai-nan (Tainan), T’ai-pei (Taipei) [county], T’ai-tung (Taitung), T’ao-yuan (Taoyuan), and Yun-lin (Yunlin)
municipalities: Chia-i (Chiayi) [city], Chi-lung (Keelung), Hsin-chu (Hsinchu), T’ai-chung (Taichung), T’ai-nan (Tainan)
special municipalities: Kao-hsiung (Kaohsiung) [city], T’ai-pei (Taipei) [city]

Independence